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Pedro Cabrera

Newspaper and Yearbook

Mr. Pedro Cabrera, M.A.
Publications Adviser, Speech-Dual Credit
Judson High School: An Early College High School
9142 Fm 78, Converse, Texas, 78109
210-945-1100 Ext. 19605

About Mr. Cabrera


Mr. Pedro Cabrera is the publications adviser for Judson High School. He not only advises The Fuel, but as well as the school yearbook, The Rocket. Born and raised on the west side of San Antonio, Cabrera is the child of two Dominican immigrants. He graduated from Oliver Wendell Holmes in 2006, and attended Texas State University. He graduated with a BA in Communication Studies in 2011, and went to teach for two years in the Aldine Independent School District in Houston, Texas.


After being offered a position at Judson High School, he took the chance to move back to San Antonio. After a year of teaching speech at Judson, he was offered the journalism position for the 2014-2015 school year. He has since revitalized the journalism program, launching The Fuel student newspaper.


He graduated with his Masters of Arts in Communication Studies from Sam Houston State University in December of 2015. He rescued a bull terrier name Nala, is an avid biker, and lover of all things Whataburger. Although he has been teaching for five years, he is constantly mistaken as a student on campus.


If you wish to contact Mr. Cabrera, you can email him at pcabrera@judsonisd.org, or call Judson High School at 210-945-1100.


Mission Statement


The Fuel, the campus student newspaper, and The Rocket, the campus student yearbook, are created to honestly and accurately record the events, occurrences and special topics from the current school year. While each publication varies in style and goal, the binding mission is reporting with journalistic integrity for our entire student population, school faculty, community and readers beyond our local area, without bias to race, sex, religion, sexual orientation, sexual identity, social creed, or any identifier that separates people.


TEKS Objectives (110.66)

  1. The student will understand individual and staff responsibilities of coverage appropriate for the publication’s audience.
  2. The student will understand media law and journalistic ethics and standards the responsibility to cover subjects of interest and importance to the audience.
  3. The student will understand all aspects of a publication and the means by which the publication is created.
  4. The student will produce publications.
  5. The student will demonstrate leadership and teamwork abilities.


The Fuel


The Fuel is the online student newspaper. The newspaper staff may choose to produce an 8 to 16 page, tabloid supplement print version. To encourage readership and to ensure the showcasing of student journalistic work, the paper may be printed up to four times a year. The majority of stories are posted online and shared through various social media platforms. The newspaper is an open forum for student opinion and may not reflect the attitudes and opinions of the staff, administration or board trustees.


Letter to the Editor


Traditional newspapers have always allowed readers to use the newspaper’s platform to comment on a wide range of issues. The Fuel will also follow that tradition. Students, teachers, parents, community members, and anyone in the Judson community can submit a Letter to the Editor. This letter can comment on any subject the writer chooses concerning the Judson community. In order for the letter to be posted or printed, the submission must follow these guidelines:

1. One must submit your name, which will be published as the editorial’s author;
2. Your submission cannot contain any profanity, nudity, or violence;
3. Your submission cannot suggest harm against someone or something;
4. Your submission must be edited for syntax and grammatically errors;
5. The Fuel has the right to edit the submission for grammatically purposes. We will not change the purpose or tone of your letter;
6. Your submission must be sent one of two ways: physical letter or the email;
7. Judson High School’s principal has the final say if the letter should be published.


The Rocket


The Rocket is the 200 page, all color, size nine yearbook, published by Jostens. The yearbook is a spring delivery, which limits coverage of events after spring break, but allows students to receive their pre-ordered yearbook before the last day of school. Yearbooks may be purchased online at jostensyearbooks.com or on campus with Mr. Cabrera in E213. The starting price of the yearbook is $65 and increases in price as the year progresses. Once the yearbook arrives, the yearbook is sold at $85, which includes tax.


UIL Journalism


The UIL sponsors four journalism contests - news writing, feature writing, editorial writing and headline writing. Students compete at the district level, and then the top three places advance to regionals. From regionals, the top three places advance to state competition. The UIL journalism program has seen increased participation in recent years. Many contests winners have gone on to excel as professional journalists.

The UIL offers additional journalism contests through its scholastic press organization, the Interscholastic League Press Conference. ILPC offers its members yearbook, newspaper (both print and web-based), broadcast and documentary competitions. ILPC also sponsors an annual two-day spring convention and a four-day intensive summer workshop. Both are held at the University of Texas at Austin.


Those who compete in UIL journalism will also see a significant boast in their grade.


Student Roles:


Yearbook Editor-in-Chief


The yearbook editor-in-chief is chosen by the publications adviser at the end of the pervious school year production cycle. The editor is responsible for supervising all staff members and is accountable to the adviser. He or she also delegates specific tasks to other staffs in a fair and equitable manner, ensures all designated tasks are completed by their prescribed deadlines, promotes team work and staff morale, acts as an idea source for yearbook design, writing, fundraising, photography assignments and all other creative problem solving; constructs the ladder diagram with help from adviser and section editors, writes yearbook copy and design spreads including end sheets, title page, table of contents, opening and closing sections; sets a good example by working hard and pays attention to detail.


If anything needs doing, the editor takes charge and does it or makes sure it gets done.


Yearbook Photo Editor


The yearbook photography editor is chosen by the publications adviser at the end of the pervious school year. This editor reports to the editor-in-chief and adviser. He or she manages all photography and photographers, ultimately responsible for the quality and timeliness of all photographs, oversees all photo request and schedules photographers for shoots, evaluates contact sheets and writes comments or suggestions on the back, controls photo supply inventory and informs adviser of any misuse of materials, reviews photographers work for over or undershooting, personally assumes specific photo assignments as necessary, and instructs and advises other photographers on established techniques and procedures.


If anything needs doing, the editor takes charge and does it or makes sure it gets done.


Newspaper Editor-in-Chief


The newspaper editor-in-chief is chosen by the publications adviser at the end of the pervious school year. He or she works closely with the adviser to plan each issue, to run editorial and staff meetings, to supervise and help other editors, to trouble shoot any problems, to represent The Fuel at school meetings in and outside of school, and set the tone of the newspaper for the staff and the school. The editor established a team approach to publishing the newspaper, making sure that all staff members work for a single purpose – to represent the campus at its best. The editor should read, edit, and review all content that is published via The Fuel publication, online, and through social media.


If anything needs doing, the editor takes charge and does it or makes sure it gets done.




Reporters are responsible for writing copy specific to the story/page requirements. They will also assist in brainstorming news, feature, sports, editorial and arts stories, gather facts for all assigned stories and attends relevant events for accurate reporting, schedules and conducts interviews, works with the photographer to plan photos for stories, ensures copy is accurate, does not plagiarize, and uses fairness in coverage, good taste in writing and does not disparage or libel anyone.


All copy must adhere to Associated Press style.




Photographs are responsible for shooting photographs as assigned. They also edit images down to the final edits, caption all final edits, typing complete caption, regularly inventories all photo supplies and equipment and recommends reordering when necessary, watches the school schedule to carefully ensure photo opportunities are not missed, works with other photographers to take both desirable and undesirable assignments, ask questions about photo assignments to ensure a good understanding of what is required, assists other staff members in schedule photo assignments, carries camera to capture spontaneous events, and does no waste photo equipment and/or time and use them for personal projects.


Travel Agreement


Your student needs your parental permission to travel with journalism department to various school functions and sporting events at various locations. The organization will leave Judson at times to be announced or determined and will arrive at times to be announced or determined. If students have their own mode of transportation, they can transport themselves to event locations.


Parents will not hold Judson ISD or Judson High School or its employees liable for accidents or injury which may occur while on the above described trip. I further understand that nay student participating in any competition or performing program as a representatives of Judson ISD or Judson High School (including practice, competition, travel to and from the event, or other related activities) who displays conduct which is disruptive or detrimental to the program including but not limited to being in possession or under the influence of alcohol, marijuana, hallucinogenic drugs or other prohibited substances of any kind, or attempting to sell, to distribute, or to use said prohibited items on the campus of any school in the district or at any activity as mentioned above will be subject to immediate withdrawal from the program for the remainder of the school year.


Parents also authorized Mr. Pedro Cabrera, publications adviser, to execute any and all documents for my child to be treated by a medical doctor or at a medical facility, whether on an emergency or non-emergency basis should it be deemed necessary for his/her care and general welfare.


The majority of events take place before and after school.
Not being able to make these events will affect the student’s grade.


Student Expectations:




Each staff member will be expected to adhere to professionalism standards set form by the publications adviser and school administration. Students will be given press passes for the event they cover. These press passes allow students to enter the event for free. Students will have to pay for events if they do not have a press pass and camera. Students cannot use press passes unless they are covering that event.


Students will behavioral issues, ranging from issues in other classes to suspensions, are subject to removal from the journalism program.
These are addressed on a case by case basis.




Newspaper students will be graded based on deadlines. Students will have one deadline every three weeks; three deadlines every grading period. During the first two weeks of the deadline cycle, students will receive full credit if the story is turned in on time. During the last week of the three, student’s grade will decrease per day the closer they get to the deadline.


Yearbook students will receive a production grade every three weeks based on the contribution they make to the yearbook within that grading period and coverage of their assignment. Deadlines are every month, which are set by the yearbook publisher. Fully contributing within the grading period allows the yearbook’s deadlines and publisher’s deadlines to be met.


Yearbook students are also responsible to create a marketing campaign for every month to market the yearbook from September to April. (That is nine marketing campaigns.) Students will be graded based on the marketing campaign rubric and their participation the campaign.




All staff members are expected to adhere to deadlines set form by the publications adviser and the staff. Deadlines for newspaper stories are every three weeks. Deadlines for yearbook are set forth by the yearbook publisher.


All assignments are to be done on time. This is a non-negotiable.


Since this is a production based class, it is vital that all assignments and deadlines are met. Failure to do so will result in a failing grade, along with a delay in production.




At the end of the 2nd and 3rd nine weeks, students will be required to participate in a staff fundraiser. The fundraiser is chosen by the journalism staff.


Camera and Equipment Policy


If a staff member does not own their own camera, he or she will be allowed to check one out from the publications adviser. All cameras checked out during the school day are expected to be return at the beginning of the next school day, dependent on the assignment. In order to check out a camera, the student must following proper check out protocol.


In checking out equipment, the student and the parent are agreeing that any loss or damaged that occurs to the cameras or associated equipment while in the student’s possession is the responsibility of the student.


Being allowed to use this equipment is a privileged only given to journalism staff members, not peers or family members. If the staff member checks out a camera or associated equipment, he or she will be held accountable for any lost or damaged equipment while signed out to the staff member. Equipment cost between $20-$1000. Therefore, it is vital that the equipment is highly taken care of.


This agreement covers the cost of losses or damages not only to the cameras, but all journalism equipment, including but not limited to cameras, camera accessories, computers, and printers.


Remind 101


Communication is vital in the success of the journalism program. Students will be required to sign up to text alerts if a cell phone is available! Here is how you sign up: Find your class, and text the message displayed below to 81010. For example, if John Doe is on the newspaper staff, he would text “@thefuel" to 81010. If John Doe is on the yearbook staff, he would text “@therocket" to 81010.


The program does NOT allow me to view student's numbers, nor are students allowed to see my personal number.


It is expected that all students enroll in Remind 101.


Department Policies:




Only photos taken by newspaper or yearbook students will be used in the newspaper or yearbook or approved vendors/photographers. All pictures have to be approved by the publications advisers. It is expected that student’s take 100 photos per hour they are at the event. The publications adviser is expected to keep at least 10% of the total number of pictures taken.


Students are not allowed to give out pictures without the publications adviser’s approval.
Doing so will
cause immediately removal from the journalism staff.


Yearbook Discounts


Staff members of both newspaper and yearbook get discounts on the year’s yearbook. Staff members need to purchase their yearbook before winter break to receive the discount. Yearbooks need to be bought before winter break.


Letterman Jackets


Students enrolled in newspaper 2/3 and yearbook 2/3 have the opportunity to get letterman jackets.



Organizations and business can advertise in the physical student newspaper. A full page ad in color will cost $300, while a full page black/white will cost $200. A half page will cost $150, while a quarter page will cost $100. Business and organizations can also advertise on three social media accounts for an extra $50 per social media account.


Organizations and business can also advertise on thefuelonline.com. Business will need to access thefuelonline.com and click the banner at the top. Business can submit their image and pay for the advertisement online.


Senior Tributes
Seniors and senior parents can advertise their senior in the back of the school yearbook. Deadline for senior tributes is the end of February. A full page will be $300; while a ½ page ad is run $150. A quarter page is $100, while a business card size advertisement will be $75.




Lifetouch is the official photographer for the student body. Underclassmen will be photographed over three days through the student’s English class. Seniors will be photographed throughout a week through the student’s English class. Students will not be permitted in the yearbook if they take their pictures with headgear, a non-natural colored hair or facial piercings.


Code D Students


As outlined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), a federal law, certain information about district students is considered directory information and will be released to anyone who follows the procedures for requesting the information unless the parent or guardian objects to the release of the directory information about the student. If students do not want to have their information released, they must indicate on the student information release form. These students cannot be in any school related publications.




The U.S. Copyright Office states that the creator’s work is under copyright protection from the moment it is created and “fixed in a tangible form that it is perceptible either directly or with the aid of a machine or a device.” Students own the copyright to any and all works they create, unless the work was created as part of employment under “work for hire,” or they have signed an agreement stating otherwise. Changing a student’s work through prior restraint, particularly if the alteration is done without student consent, is also a form of copyright infringement. If a school administrator tells a student journalist that publication is contingent upon the student making requested alterations to his or her work, that would be a form of de facto copyright infringement.




Plagiarism means claiming someone else's work is your own by putting it in your story without attribution or credit. In journalism, plagiarism can take several forms:


Information: This involves using information that another reporter has gathered without crediting that information to the reporter or to his or her publication. An example would be a reporter who uses specific details about a crime - say, the color of a murder victim's shoes - in his story that comes, not from the police, but from an article done by another reporter.


Writing: If a reporter writes a story in a particularly distinctive or unusual way, and another reporter copies passages from that story into his own article, that's an example of plagiarizing writing.


Ideas: This occurs when a journalist, usually a columnist or news analyst, advances a novel idea or theory about an issue in the news, and another reporter copies that idea.


The easiest way to avoid plagiarism is to do your own reporting. That way you avoid the temptation to steal information from another reporter's story, and you'll have the satisfaction of producing work that is entirely your own. But what if another reporter gets a "scoop," a juicy bit of information that you don't have? First, try to get the information yourself. If another reporter digs up a piece of information you can't get on your own, then you must attribute that information to that reporter or, more commonly, to the news outlet that reporter works for.


Once you've written your story, read it through several times to make sure you haven't used any information that isn't your own. Remember, plagiarism is not always a conscious act. Sometimes it can creep into your story without your even being aware of it, simply by using information that you've read on a website or in a newspaper.


Any plagiarism that occurs will cause immediately removal from the journalism staff.


Obituary Policy


Should a student or faculty member die at any time during the current coverage period, the staff will treat the death in a tasteful manner. A short obituary with the individual’s name, school activities, date of birth, date and manner of death (if appropriate) and any other information shall appear in the publications. This treatment will provide an adequate testimonial to the individual for those closely associated while not overemphasizing the death for other readers. All is upon the approval of the family and the administration.



Publications are created by the students enrolled in Judson High School’s yearbook production and newspaper production courses. All photos used in the yearbook are taken solely by student photographers using Canon T5 and T5i cameras. The journalism department and student journalist own all content produced by the organization. The yearbook is published by Jostens. The newspaper is printed by the New Braunfels Herald Zeitung.


Student journalists, the publications adviser, photo studios, the publisher, school administration and the school staff are not liable for errors, missing information, photos or lost material. Technical malfunctions can also occur causing lost data.


Very few students are part of an organization in which their homework is published and up for criticism. Please be aware that The Fuel newspaper and The Rocket yearbook are student created publications made in a journalism education lab setting.  We regret that errors can and will occur.